San Jose is the third-largest city in California, and the tenth-largest in the United States. It is the county seat of Santa Clara County. San Jose is located in Silicon Valley, at the south end of San Francisco Bay.
The large concentration of high-technology engineering, computer, and microprocessor companies around San Jose has led the area to be known as Silicon Valley. As the largest city in the valley, San Jose has billed itself "the capital of Silicon Valley." Area schools such as San José State University, Santa Clara University, and Stanford University pump thousands of engineering and computer science graduates into the local economy every year.
San Jose lists 25 companies with 1,000 employees or more, including the headquarters of Adobe Systems, BEA Systems, Cisco, and eBay, as well as major facilities for Flextronics, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Hitachi and Lockheed Martin. Sizable government employers include the city government, Santa Clara County, and San José State University.
San Jose residents produce more U.S. patents than any other city. Thirty-five percent of all venture capital funds in the U.S. are invested in San Jose and Silicon Valley companies.
Sao Paulo is the major industrial and economic powerhouse of Brazil. The city of São Paulo - the state capital - has a population of approximately 11 million (according to CityMayors, 2003), which makes it the fifth largest in the world. Its industry is based on a solid technological base and the manufacturing of high value-added products, mainly in the information technology, aerospace and automotive businesses.
In 2005, São Paulo had 53,308 points in IMD's World Competitiveness Ranking, going up from the 47th to the 43rd position. According to this ranking, São Paulo's economy is similar to Spain's (38th) and ranks ahead of economies such as those of Portugal (45th), Italy (53rd) and Russia (54th).
Campinas is adjacent to the São Paulo metropolitan region and the second most populated city of the state. It has been dubbed the Brazilian Silicon Valley, since it is home to many national and multinational high-tech industries (IBM, Motorola, Lucent, Nortel, Compaq, Samsung, Alcatel, Bosch, 3M, Texas Instruments, General Motors, Ci&T, Matera and many others), as well as to several research centers (CPqD, Embrapa, Von Braun Institute) and two universities (Unicamp and Puccamp). According to Wired Magazine, Campinas is one of the highest-growth high-tech areas in the world.
Campinas is a global hub of technological innovation, according to the UN Human Development Report 2001.
Griaule grew up in the business incubator of State University of Campinas, which is considered one of the best and most productive research and educational institutions in the Americas. Unicamp has courses, colleges and institutes in almost every field of knowledge, and about 700 PhD students graduate from there every year.